By the middle of the 19th century, the Russian Empire comprised more than 15 percent of the Earth’s land mass spanning parts of three continents, Europe, Asia, and North America. The population of the empire included not only Russians, but also Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns, Poles, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Tatars, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Germans, and many other ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Russians were proud of the empire and used various means to celebrate its scale and diversity. Presented here are two sets of cards, circa 1800-33 and 1856, in which each card corresponds to a particular province or other administrative subdivision of the empire. Each card contains the map and coat of arms of the province and provides additional information about geographic features, cities, people, and local costumes. The cards are from the collections of the National Library of Russia. They can be viewed on a timeline or displayed on an interactive map showing the location of each province. They also can be projected on a 19th-century archival map that shows the Russian Empire as it appeared at approximately the same time that the cards were made.