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Arches of the Auteuil Viaduct
The Franco-Prussian War was brought about by rising tensions between France and Prussia in the 1860s. France, under Emperor Napoleon III, was determined to check the growth of Prussian power and avenge what it saw as a series of diplomatic humiliations. Prussia, under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, believed that a Prussian-led war of the German states against France would be a decisive act leading to creation of a unified German empire. The conflict began on July 19, 1870, when France declared war. The French army proved woefully unprepared and suffered ...
Minas and Rio Railway, Brazil: Viaduct, at Kilometer 20 Meter 160
The Minas and Rio Railway, also known as the Rio Verde Railway, was opened for traffic on July 14th, 1884, in the presence of Emperor Pedro II (1825–91), his daughter Princess Isabel, and her husband, Prince Gastão de Orléans, conde d’Eu. The British-owned and constructed line ran from Cruzeiro in the interior of the state of São Paulo, across the Mantiqueira Mountains, and through cities and towns in the southern part of the state of Minas Gerais as far as Três Corações do Rio Verde. The line played ...
Works of the Provisional Canalization of the São Pedro River: Pedro II Camp
This image is from Obras da canalização provisoria do rio São Pedro (Works of the provisional canalization of the São Pedro River), an album of 26 photographs documenting one of a series of projects carried out in Brazil in the late 19th century to improve the water supply of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The project was led by the engineer Francisco de Paula Bicalho (1847–1919), director of the Inspetoria de Aguas da Corte. The photographs are by Marc Ferrez (1843–1923), a Brazilian artist of French heritage ...
Works of the Provisional Canalization of the São Pedro River: Part of the Ditch, Kilometer 5
This image is from Obras da canalização provisoria do rio São Pedro (Works of the provisional canalization of the São Pedro River), an album of 26 photographs documenting one of a series of projects carried out in Brazil in the late 19th century to improve the water supply of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The project was led by the engineer Francisco de Paula Bicalho (1847–1919), director of the Inspetoria de Aguas da Corte. The photographs are by Marc Ferrez (1843–1923), a Brazilian artist of French heritage ...
Works of the Provisional Canalization of the São Pedro River: Sawyers Aqueduct, Kilometer 6
This image is from Obras da canalização provisoria do rio São Pedro (Works of the provisional canalization of the São Pedro River), an album of 26 photographs documenting one of a series of projects carried out in Brazil in the late 19th century to improve the water supply of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The project was led by the engineer Francisco de Paula Bicalho (1847–1919), director of the Inspetoria de Aguas da Corte. The photographs are by Marc Ferrez (1843–1923), a Brazilian artist of French heritage ...
Works of the Provisional Canalization of the São Pedro River: Barra Viaduct
This image is from Obras da canalização provisoria do rio São Pedro (Works of the provisional canalization of the São Pedro River), an album of 26 photographs documenting one of a series of projects carried out in Brazil in the late 19th century to improve the water supply of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The project was led by the engineer Francisco de Paula Bicalho (1847–1919), director of the Inspetoria de Aguas da Corte. The photographs are by Marc Ferrez (1843–1923), a Brazilian artist of French heritage ...
Works of the Provisional Canalization of the São Pedro River
Obras da canalização provisoria do rio São Pedro (Works of the provisional canalization of the São Pedro River) is an album of 26 photographs documenting one of a series of projects carried out in Brazil in the late 19th century to improve the water supply of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The project was led by the engineer Francisco de Paula Bicalho (1847–1919), director of the Inspetoria de Aguas da Corte. The photographs are by Marc Ferrez (1843–1923), a Brazilian artist of French heritage who documented the ...