16 results in English
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós
This portrait of the writer Benito Pérez Galdós was produced by the Valencian painter Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida in 1894. Born in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria on January 10, 1843, Galdós became a major Spanish literary figure, the author of more than 80 titles that included novels, historical novels, and plays. His work encompasses many different features and trends, including a realism that recalls certain novels of the Spanish Golden Age as well as the influence of 19th-century Russian and French writers. Other major themes in Galdós’s fiction ...
Portrait of Ľudovít Štúr
Ľudovít Štúr (1815‒56) was a Slovak politician, philosopher, historian, linguist, writer, poet, journalist, editor, and pedagogue. He was the most important representative of Slovak national life in the first half of the 19th century and one of the leading members of Slovak National Uprising of 1848‒49. Štúr was also the key figure in codifying the modern Slovak language. Presented here is the earliest oil portrait of Štúr by the artist Jozef Božetech Klemens (1817‒83), based on an 1861 lithograph of Štúr by the Czech artist, actor, and ...
Contributed by Slovak National Library
Nipissing Indian in Canada, 1717
This hand-colored print dating from 1717 shows a Nipissing warrior, armed with bow and arrows, wearing moccasins, clothed in a tunic and cape obtained from the Europeans, and covered in tattoos. The French in Canada, priests in particular, found native tattoos repellent for religious reasons having to do with the sanctity of the human body. The Nipissing are an Algonquin people, first encountered by the French in 1613. Beginning in the early 1600s, the French formed alliances and developed friendships with a number of Indian tribes, including the Montagnais, Algonquin ...
Canadian Indian
This hand-colored drawing portrays a Canadian Indian, most likely a Nipissing, who was part of a settled community on the Île aux Tourtesnear Montreal. An explanatory manuscript on a separate folio states: “these natives, who are good warriors, used to live by a Canadian lake named after them, and were attracted to the colony in 1704 in order to make it their home. They currently live on the Île aux Tourtes, which is southwest of the Island of Montreal on the Saint Lawrence River. The idea was to have ...
Henry Solomon Wellcome: three-quarter length. Oil painting by Hugh Goldwin Riviere, 1906.
Henry S. Wellcome was born in 1853 to a poor farm family in Almond, Wisconsin. Upon his death in 1936, the Wellcome Trust, a British charity, was created. Many years later, it became the most highly endowed charity in the world, with assets of 15 billion pounds. Wellcome owed this achievement to his success as a pharmaceutical manufacturer and salesman. After training as a pharmacist at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, he went to England in 1880 to join his college friend S. Mainville Burroughs in a new pharmaceutical company ...
Contributed by Wellcome Library
View of the Town of Pandi, Province of Bogotá
This watercolor by Manuel María Paz (1820–1902) shows the town of Pandi in the province of Bogotá (present-day Cundinamarca Department), Colombia. The caption on the painting indicates that the town is located  “less than a half league [about two kilometers] from the natural bridge of Icononzo over the Sumapaz River, full of erratic stones, 1,000 meters above sea level, with a particular group of hieroglyphs made by the Chibchas Indians.” The watercolor is typical of Paz’s work, which captured the diversity of the population of Colombia and ...
A Family Excursion Close to Bogotá, Province of Bogotá
This watercolor by Manuel María Paz (1820–1902) shows a large family group on an excursion near Bogotá, in the province of Bogotá (present-day Cundinamarca Department), Colombia. People of different ages are seated on a rug, engaged in various activities. A man plays the guitar and a couple dances. Local people, including two mounted men, watch from the back. The watercolor is typical of Paz’s work, which captured the diversity of the population of Colombia and depicted the daily activities and traditional customs of the country’s different ethnic ...
Growers of Anise, Mestizo Indians, Province of Ocaña
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) shows two aniseed growers with their crop in Ocaña (in present-day Norte de Santandar Department) in northeastern Colombia. The men are identified as mestizos, signifying in this context of mixed European and Indian ancestry. Aniseed has been cultivated for centuries as an herb, fragrance, and flavoring. In Colombia it is used as an ingredient in the alcoholic drink known as aguardiente (literally, fire water). Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José ...
White Women, Province of Ocaña
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) is a scene from Ocaña Province (present-day Norte de Santandar Department) in northeastern Colombia. The caption at the bottom of the painting identifies the subject as “White Women,” and two women, possibly a mother (in black) and her daughter (in white) are shown. The third woman, in the background, of Afro-Colombian descent, might be their servant. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence and ...
Interior View of Independence Hall, Philadelphia
This 1856 chromolithograph shows visitors of all ages gathered in the Assembly Room of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, which is being used as an exhibit gallery. Men, women, and children promenade, converse, and admire the artifacts that adorn the room, which has a parquet floor. Framed artwork lines the paneled walls, predominately from the portrait collection of American painter Charles Wilson Peale. Also seen are the portrait painting of William Penn by artist Henry Inman, and the portrait painting of the Marquis de Lafayette by artist Thomas Sully. In the ...
Chinese General’s Wife
This work is one of a pair of original unsigned gouache watercolors, painted by an unknown hand and dating from the early 19th century, depicting a Chinese general and his wife. Shown here is the general’s wife, seated outside a row of tents. Near her is a staff with an oval shield bearing an animated and fearsome face. The same shield appears in her husband’s portrait, but with a different banner above it. The wife’s lady-in-waiting is kneeling at her right. Both women wear finely detailed costumes ...
Contributed by Brown University Library
Chinese General, Circa 1810
This work is one of a pair of original unsigned gouache watercolors, painted by an unknown hand and dating from the early 19th century, depicting a Chinese general and his wife. Shown here is the general, who is seated outside his tent. He is wearing an elaborate gown and holds a spear. The tent pole bears an oval shield with an animated and fearsome face above which a standard banner flutters in the breeze. To the left is a standard bearer standing with a command flag. The same shield appears ...
Contributed by Brown University Library
A Galla Woman
In 1868, The Illustrated London News commissioned the Scottish artist William Simpson (1823–99) to cover a military campaign launched by Britain against Abyssinia (present-day Ethiopia) to rescue several British officials and missionaries held by the Emperor Theodore (also called Tewodros II, ruled 1855–68). The commission was Simpson’s first major work for the Illustrated London News and the beginning of a long relationship with the paper that ended only with his death. Although Simpson’s primary task was to document the campaign, he was also interested in people ...
Contributed by Brown University Library
Theodore, Negus Hegyst, of Abyssinia
In 1868, The Illustrated London News commissioned the Scottish artist William Simpson (1823–99) to cover a military campaign launched by Britain against Abyssinia (present-day Ethiopia) to rescue several British officials and missionaries held by the Emperor Theodore (also called Tewodros II, ruled 1855–68). The commission was Simpson’s first major work for the Illustrated London News and the beginning of a long relationship with the paper that ended only with his death. This watercolor is Simpson’s depiction of Theodore. After the hostages were freed, the British forces ...
Contributed by Brown University Library
Hassan, a Tajik, Attendant of the Khan of Lal Poora
In the fall of 1878, The Illustrated London News dispatched the Scottish artist William Simpson (1823–99) to Afghanistan in anticipation of a conflict between Britain and Afghan tribal leaders. The British were concerned about growing Russian influence in the region and a possible Russian threat to British India. Fighting broke out in November 1878, precipitating what became known as the Second Afghan War (1878–80). Simpson documented the conflict, but he was also interested in people he encountered and places he visited, especially ancient Buddhist ruins, several of which ...
Contributed by Brown University Library
Tent and Servant, "Mahomed Buksh"
In the fall of 1878, The Illustrated London News dispatched the Scottish artist William Simpson (1823–99) to Afghanistan in anticipation of a conflict between Britain and Afghan tribal leaders. The British were concerned about growing Russian influence in the region and a possible Russian threat to British India. Fighting broke out in November 1878, precipitating what became known as the Second Afghan War (1878–80). Simpson documented the conflict, but he was also interested in people he encountered and places he visited, especially ancient Buddhist ruins, several of which ...
Contributed by Brown University Library