Turkmenistan i turkmeny (Turkmenistan and the Turkmens) is a book on Turkmenistan published in 1926, early in the Soviet period. Part one, in four chapters, is devoted to Central Turkestan and also explains the broader geographic context of Turkmenistan. The chapters cover the history of Turkestan and its importance as the link between Persia and China; the 17 main ethnic groups in Turkmenistan (including the Turko-Mongol Altai people, Mongols, Arabs, Jews, Taranchi, Kalmyks, and others); clan tradition and its influence on modern life in the central Asian republics; and an overview of the nationalities in the Soviet republics bordering Turkmenistan (Uzbeks, Tajiks, Kyrgyz or Kirgiz, Kara-Kirgiz, and Karakalpaks). Part two, in 15 chapters, is devoted to the Soviet Socialist Republic of Turkmenistan. The chapters cover such topics as the history, geography and topography, administrative divisions and population centers, agriculture, irrigation, transport, industry, vegetation and wildlife, and the size, ethnic composition, and distribution of the population of the republic. Part three covers the Turkmens, in three chapters, devoted to the genealogy of the Turkmens and their migrations, modern clan division and clan locations in Turkmenistan, and national characteristics of the Turkmens and their clan life, which included high status for women.