December 29, 2015

A.L. Knight and Company's Patent Paper Machine Manufactory. Fifteenth and Willow Streets, Philadelphia

This lithograph from 1847 shows an exterior view of the three-story paper machine manufactory located on Fifteenth and Willow streets in Philadelphia. Signage on the side of the building sprawls across ten bays of windows and reads, "Knight's patent paper machine, manufactory." A smaller sign above the entrance reads, "A.L. Knight & Co." Three workers stand, one on every level of the building, as a man on the ground prepares a package to be hoisted from the sidewalk into the building. A gentleman stands in the entryway watching the workers, and another man guides a horse-drawn cart out of the enclosed yard of the manufactory. In a window on the first floor, a seated person can be seen writing. In the background, a partial view of industrial buildings is visible. Below the image is a block of text, including overprinted letterpress title in red ink; the image and text are surrounded by a blue border. A.L. Knight & Company was in business from 1843 to 1850. This lithograph was printed by the firm of Howell Evans, which promoted itself as the first "fast card press in the city.” At this time the press operated on the corner of Fourth and Chestnut streets in Philadelphia. In 1860, this press executed advertisements for the Philadelphia City Directory.

Piper and Andrews, Warm Air Furnace Manufactory. Number 82 North Sixth Street, Philadelphia

This advertising print from 1845 shows a four-story storefront located on the 100 block of North Sixth Street in Philadelphia. The building is adorned with signage that reads: “Warm Air Furnace Manufactory,” “Radiator Stoves, Perpetual Ovens, Backs & Jambs, Vault & Hearth Grates. Metalic [sic] Roofing in Tin & Copper,” and “Cooking Ranges. Piper & Andrews.” A patron enters through one of the two open entryways; inside, a wall of shelves holds merchandise. Clerks and employees are visible at the cellar entrance, inside the second entryway (across from the stairs that lead to the second floor), and in the rear of the business. Pipes and stoves are displayed at the entryways. Two other workers toil at the second floor windows. To the right of the manufactory, a female street vendor sits in front of a rickety wooden building. She sits under an awning with a frame weighted by rocks and uses a falling shutter as a table; it is lined with foodstuffs. The upper floors of the wooden building rise behind her. On the left of the manufactory, a partial view of an adjacent factory can also be seen. Partially visible and semi-legible signs, including one reading “ady's Factory” adorn the adjacent building. Henry A. Piper and R.S.R. Andrews partnered circa 1845–47.

Francis Field and Francis, Importers and Dealers in Tin Plate and Tinsmans Furniture, Importers and Manufacturers of Saddlery Hardware, Tin Ware, Tin Toys and Japanned Wares. Number 80 North Second Street, Philadelphia

This advertising print from 1846 shows the four-story storefront located between Arch and Race streets on North Second Street in Philadelphia. The building is covered in signage stating the name of the firm, “Francis Field & Francis,” and advertising phrases, including: “Importers & Dealers in Tin Plate and Tinsmans Furniture,” and “Importers & Manufacturers of Saddlery Hardware, Tin Ware, Tin Toys & Japanned Wares.” A male patron enters the building through the open doorway. He walks below a sign illustrated with a pig that hangs above the door, reading, “Lard Lamp Manufactory.” The patron passes a stack of crates on the stoop marked, “Tin plate by the box.” Toys, tinware, saddleryware, and japanned ware fill the large display windows on the first floor. In the windows of the upper floors, a male and a female laborer at work are visible, in addition to more merchandise. On the sidewalk, next to the cellar doors of the store, is a barrel. The advertisement also shows partial views of adjacent buildings. Francis, Field & Francis (owned by Henry and Thomas Francis and Charles Field), was also known as the Philadelphia Tin Toy Manufactory. One of the oldest toy manufactories in America, the business began operating from this address in 1839.

Hartley and Knight's Bedding Warehouse. Number 148 South Second Street, Philadelphia

This advertising print from 1846 shows the cluttered-looking three-story storefront of the bedding warehouse located on the 200 block of South Second Street in Philadelphia. A clerk, possibly one of the proprietors, stands at the main entrance to the store and points to one of many disheveled displays of mattresses. Behind him, a couple enters the wareroom. The couple walks under a framed figure of a goose hanging above the doorway. Shelves of mattresses line the walls and rolled mattresses fill the large open display windows. In the back of the store, two women work in a back room. In the upper floor windows of the building, mattresses and bedding are propped out of windows and piles of feathers are visible. In front of the store, a mattress on a bed frame, a bed frame, and bedding on a cot are on display; a clerk loads bedding onto a horse-drawn cart; and a gentleman walks past a fire hydrant on the sidewalk. Partial views of adjacent buildings also can be seen. A prominent sign on the building reads, “Hartley & Knight’s Bedding Warehouse.” Partners Joseph Hartley and Reeve L. Knight relocated to this address circa 1842 and remained in a partnership until 1854.

J. Mayland, Jr. and Company, Tobacco and Snuff Manufactory. Cigars, Foreign and Domestic. Wholesale Grocers. Northwest Corner of Third and Race Streets, Philadelphia

This lithograph from 1846 is an advertisement showing the five-story manufactory and storefront of the tobacco and grocery business located at 111 Race Street (i.e., the 300 block of Race Street) in Philadelphia. The building is covered in signage reading: “Tobacco & Snuff Manufactory,” “Segars [sic], Foreign & Domestic,” “Wholesale Grocers,” and “J. Mayland Jr. & Co.” On the first floor, a patron enters the store near a wall of shelved goods and a line of boxes on the floor; a clerk organizes canisters in the front display window; and other employees check a list and move a crate. In the upper floor windows, boxes, barrels, and sacks are piled and employees work. A box is seen being hoisted into the air inside one window. In front of the store, laborers unload boxes from a horse-drawn dray parked in the street. Crates and barrels line the sidewalk near the dray. Partial views of adjacent buildings also can be seen in this print. Jacob Mayland established his tobacco business circa 1803 and operated from the 300 block of Race Street beginning in 1805. The business, renamed Jacob Mayland Jr. & Company circa 1842, remained at 111 Race Street until circa 1848.

J. Willis, Shoe Manufactory. Number 241 Arch Street, Philadelphia

This advertising print from 1846 shows the four-story manufactory and storefront for “J. Willis Wholesale & Retale [sic] Ladies Shoe Store,” located on the 600 block of Arch Street in Philadelphia. On the street beneath the store awning, a couple enters the store through the entryway, while a lady looks at a partially visible print hanging in the central display window, possibly depicting the Willis shoe store. Drapery is visible in some of the upper floor windows and a horse-drawn carriage is parked in front of the building. Partial views of the adjacent buildings also can be seen. A prominent graphic element of this image is the shading, representing light reflecting from windows. The business featured in this print operated from this address as “J. Willis” between 1840 and 1853, at which time it was renamed “J. Willis & Son.”