Uganda and Its Peoples; Notes on the Protectorate of Uganda, Especially the Anthropology and Ethnology of Its Indigenous Races

Uganda and Its Peoples is a detailed survey of the native peoples of the Uganda Protectorate, as understood by early 20th-century ethnography and anthropology. The book is organized in nine chapters, each of which is devoted to one of the main ethnic and tribal groups: Bahima, Banyoro, Batoro, Banabuddu, Sese Islanders, Bakoki, Basoga, Bavuma, and Baganda. Topics covered include marriage ceremonies, birth ceremonies, diet, death ceremonies, beliefs and superstitions, history, law, systems of weights and measures, folklore, customs and traditions, and economic activities. Included are portraits of the kings of the different tribes and more than 200 other photographs depicting noteworthy places, people from different walks of life, and images of people in the major ethnic groups. A map shows the localities inhabited by the peoples discussed in the book, from the northern border with Sudan at approximately 5° north to the southern border with German East Africa. The author, James Frederick Cunningham, previously had assisted British explorer and colonial official Sir Henry Hamilton (Harry) Johnston (1858–1927) with the preparation of his monumental The Uganda Protectorate, published in 1902, and Cunningham’s book includes an appreciative preface by Johnston.

Uganda’s Katikiro in England

Uganda’s Katikiro in England is the official account of the visit of the katikiro (prime minister) of Buganda, Apolo Kagwa (circa 1864–1927), in 1902 to participate in the coronation of King Edward VII, who ascended to the British throne following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria, in early 1901. The grandson of a Ugandan chief, Apolo served as a page in the court of King Mutesa I of Buganda (reigned, 1856–84) and became a Christian at a young age. He rose to become chief storekeeper and later prime minister to King Mwanga II (ruled 1884–88 and 1889–97), the son and successor of Mutesa I. Written in Luganda by Ham Mukasa, secretary to Apolo, and translated by the Reverend Ernest Millar, an English missionary who served as the katikiro’s interpreter during his visit, the book recounts the trip overland from Kampala to Mombasa, Kenya, the voyage by ship through the Red Sea and Suez Canal to Naples, and the rail journey across Europe to Britain. Mukasa describes Apolo’s meetings in London with the explorer Henry M. Stanley, the bishop of London, various military and naval officers, and other influential individuals; his visits to Southampton, Birmingham, Cambridge, Glasgow, Sheffield, and other British cities; and his participation in the coronation itself. The book concludes with an account of the return voyage across Europe, with a stop in Rome, the passage to Mombasa on a German steamer, and the party’s arrival in Kampala. The book is an unusual and valuable portrait of British and European society as seen through the eyes of an influential African during the colonial period.

The Story of the Life of Mackay of Uganda Told for Boys

The Story of the Life of Mackay of Uganda Told for Boys is a biography of Alexander Murdoch Mackay (1849–90), a pioneering Scottish missionary to Uganda. Written by Mackay’s sister, Alexina Mackay Harrison, and published in London in 1892, the book was intended to inspire boys to follow Mackay’s example and devote their lives to service in Africa. It begins with a brief account of the early European explorers of Africa: Mungo Park, who in 1796 ventured up the River Niger; James Bruce, who in 1770 traced the Blue Nile to its source; and other explorers, including Speke, Grant, Stanley, and Livingstone. An account of Mackay’s early life in Scotland follows, reporting the influence on him of a deeply religious and highly literate family, and his early commitment to preaching the Christian gospel. It recounts Mackay’s studies in engineering at the University of Berlin, his learning German, and the close ties he developed with German church and missionary circles. In 1876, Mackay answered a call of the Church Missionary Society to serve in Uganda. He arrived in Africa in November 1878, where he spent nearly 14 years, never once returning to his native Scotland. The book describes Mackay’s friendship with King Mutesa I of Buganda (reigned, 1856–84) and his difficulties under Mutesa’s successor, King Mwanga, who fiercely persecuted the early Ugandan church. The concluding chapter recounts the work of Alfred R. Tucker, Anglican bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa in 1890–99 and first bishop of Uganda in 1899–1911, and of six early Ugandan Christians who continued Mackay’s work after his death: Sembera Mackay, Henry Wright Duta, Mika Sematimba, Paulo Bakunga, Zachariah Kizito, and Yohann Mwira.

Growls from Uganda

Growls from Uganda is a book of reflections on various aspects of modern life written by an unidentified Englishman living in Uganda in the early part of the 20th century. The author’s pseudonym, Critolaos, is taken from a relatively obscure ancient Greek philosopher who was a member of the school of Skeptics. The first chapter, entitled “Civilisation from a Distance,” describes the experience of the author living in a Baganda grass hut, built to his own specification and fashion. Successive chapters deal with what the author sees, from his detached perspective as a recluse in Africa, as the evils of modern European and American civilization: advertising, commercialism, excessive desire for money, a flawed educational system, and accidents involving motor cars. The concluding chapter recounts the author’s earlier life as a gold prospector in British Columbia, Canada, with reflections on the possibilities of “striking it rich” and the injustices that often befall prospectors. Little is known about the true identity of the author, why he went to Uganda, or how long he remained, although one scholar states that his real name was H.B. Cater, the author of a 1905 book on unemployment published under the same pseudonym.

Tucker of Uganda: Artist and Apostle, 1849-1914

Tucker of Uganda: Artist and Apostle, 1849-1914 is a biography of Alfred R. Tucker, the first bishop of Uganda. The book traces Tucker’s early life in England, his training and success as an artist, his studies at Oxford, his work as an Anglican clergyman, and his call to go to Africa as a missionary. Consecrated bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa by the Archbishop of Canterbury on April 25, 1890, Tucker left for Africa the same day. He made a survey trip of the Uganda Protectorate in late 1890–early 1891, where he found the country in parlous condition, wracked by conflict between Christian missionaries and Arab traders, rivalries between Protestants and Roman Catholics, and difficult economic conditions. Over the next seven years, Tucker made two long visits to Uganda from his base in Mombasa, Kenya. He was instrumental in building up the Anglican Church, but he also witnessed devastating famine and outbreaks of fever. In 1897, Tucker became the first bishop of the newly formed Uganda diocese. In 1899, he transferred to Mengo, near present-day Kampala, where he served until 1911. As bishop, he worked to build an autonomous Ugandan church with its own leaders, and he established schools and emphasized the importance of education. He served his final years as canon of Durham Cathedral in northern England, where he died in 1914.

Planting in Uganda. Coffee—Para Rubber—Cocoa

Planting in Uganda. Coffee—Para Rubber—Cocoa is a comprehensive analysis of plantation agriculture in early 20th-century Uganda, written by two senior managers of Ugandan companies. As stated in the preface, it was intended to assist white planters who were attracted to Uganda by the fertile soils and favorable climate but who, in many cases, had no knowledge of agricultural conditions in the country. It deals with three main products—coffee, Para rubber (today usually simply referred to as rubber), and cocoa—and focuses on two provinces, Buganda and Bugosa, where plantation agriculture was most extensively developed. Chapters are devoted to the physical features of the country; the history of products in Uganda; yields and results; the probable life of trees and how to prolong it; choice of land for plantations; nurseries; laying out a plantation; clearing and planting; weeds and weeding; factories and machinery; collection and preparation of coffee; collection and preparation of Para rubber; collection and preparation of cocoa; estate management; costs of establishing plantations and of preparing products; insect pests; and fungoid diseases. Tables provide a wealth of information on rainfall, yields, prices, and the recommended number of trees to be planted per acre and the distances between trees. Illustrations depict the coffee, Para rubber, and cocoa plants, common weeds, and methods for tapping rubber.

Who is the Murderer?

Panchkori Dey (also seen as Babu Panch Kori Dey, 1873–1945) was a Bengali writer of detective fiction, best known for two of his characters: Arindam Bosu, a dhoti-wearing detective working in India and Europe, and Jumelia, a cunning and wicked criminal. Dey was influenced by 19th-century European writers of criminal romances, such as Wilkie Collins and Emile Gaboriau. Hatyakari Ke? (Who is the murderer?) was first published in Bengali in about 1903; the edition presented here is a later Urdu translation. The plot revolves around a father who arranges his daughter’s marriage to a characterless boy out of greed, in defiance of the wishes of his family and friends. The social evil of arranged marriages, particularly the suffering of the girls involved, is a theme of the novel.

Dictionary of Urdu Terms Used in Newspapers

Ziauddin Ahmad Barni (1890–1969) was born and educated in Delhi, where his father and one of his brothers were instrumental in the development of Urdu newspapers and several members of the family were renowned calligraphers. Proficient in Farsi and English, he worked in the Oriental Translator’s Office in Bombay (present-day Mumbai), until his retirement in 1948. He also wrote for the Bombay Chronicle in both English and Urdu. In 1915 he published this dictionary of terminology in common usage in the Urdu newspapers of the day. Entries are alphabetically arranged, and there is particular attention to the explanation of ambiguous words. The book also includes a description of the systems of government in India and in the United Kingdom and provides notes on important events and dates.

Panjabi Grammar: A Brief Grammar of Panjabi As Spoken in the Wazirabad District

Thomas Grahame Bailey (1872–1942) was a Church of Scotland missionary in India who made extensive studies of northern Indian languages. After studying Hindi and Urdu at the London University School of Oriental Studies, he went on to publish books on Panjabi (now usually called Punjabi), Himalayan dialects, Urdu, Kanauri, Kashmiri, Shina, and other languages. Panjabi Grammar: A Brief Grammar of Panjabi As Spoken in the Wazirabad District was written at the request of an official of the government of Punjab, in what was then a part of British India. Bailey chose to write about the language as it was spoken in the villages lying within ten miles (16 kilometers) of the town of Wazirabad, and gave preference to “village Panjabi, as being purer and more vigorous than city speech.” The book provides an overview of Punjabi grammar, in English with transliterations of Punjabi words. Topics covered include pronunciation, the gender of nouns, cases, regular and irregular verbs, tenses, and adjectives and adverbs. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language, widely spoken in a number of distinct dialects in present-day northwest India and eastern Pakistan.

Selected Poetry of Zafar

Muntakhib Kulliyat-I Zafar is a collection of poetry by the last Mughal emperor and last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty, Muhammad Bahadur Shah II (1775–1862), generally known as Bahadar Shah Zafar. The son of Akbar Shah II, the ruler of a declining empire, Zafar was a prolific writer and a great Urdu poet. He was influenced by Sauda, Meer, and Insha, eminent Urdu poets of the 18th–early 19th centuries. Zafar was also a noted patron of contemporary poets, including Ghalib, Dagh, Shah Naseer, Momin, and Zauq. He came to the throne in 1837, but his control did not reach far beyond Delhi’s Red Fort. After the Uprising of 1857 (also known as the Sepoy Rebellion), the British exiled him to Rangoon, where he lived out his days. Much of his poetry laments loss and suffering and the mental pain of imprisonment. He wrote geets, poems with a melodious haunting rhythm, but most of his prodigious output was in the lilting form of ghazals. Much of his work was lost in the chaos of 1857, but his surviving ghazals were gathered into a collection in which the eloquence, Sufi mysticism, and fluent style that characterize his work are evident. In this edition, potentially unfamiliar Urdu language is explained in Farsi and Arabic terms.