This illustrated chart of Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula is a Tallis map, identifiable by the scrolling on the borders and the finely drawn scenes inscribed on the map. John Tallis and Co. was a British mapmaking firm that operated from roughly 1835 to 1860. Egypt and Arabia Petraea was part of their large-scale project, the Illustrated Atlas and Modern History of the World, Geographical, Political, Commercial & Statistical, published in 1851. Arabia Petraea was a name dating from the Roman Empire, consisting of land that is now Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, modern Jordan, Palestine, Israel, southern Syria, and western Saudi Arabia. The maps were drawn and engraved by cartographer John Rapkin, while other illustrators engraved the vignettes. Tallis maps were well known for the accurate designs, numerous place names, geographical details and information, as well as shaded areas to indicate topographical features. The clean crafting and detailed information give the maps a modern look in comparison to older cartographic techniques. These productions are often described as the last of the decorative map tradition.