Chicago-based Rand McNally became a major publisher of atlases, maps, globes, and travel guides in the United States in the second half of the 19th century. This map of Colombia and Venezuela is from the 1898 edition of Rand, McNally & Cos. Indexed Atlas of the World, Containing Large Scale Maps of Every Country and Civil Division upon the Face of the Globe, together with Historical, Statistical and Descriptive Matter Relative to Each. The atlas contains two volumes, one with maps of the United States, the other maps of foreign countries. On the back of the map are detailed indices for Colombia and Venezuela listing such features as creeks, islands, lakes, mountains, rivers, and towns. The map includes Panama, which at the time was a province of Colombia. The inset maps are of the railroad between Caracas and the port city of La Guaira in Venezuela, and of the Isthmus of Panama with its projected canal and railroad. Construction of the Panama Canal began in 1904, shortly after Panama’s separation from Colombia in November 1903.