Kacmarcik Book of Hours


This manuscript, known as the Kacmarcik Book of Hours, was produced in the early 16th century by an atelier (workshop) in Rouen, France. The miniatures manifest influences from workshops in Paris and Tours and feature rich colors and gold illumination. It is thought that these ateliers employed assembly-line production methods, meaning that several different illuminators may have worked under the supervision of a master miniaturist in order to keep the presentation consistent. The text of the Kacmarcik Book of Hours reflects the influence of the liturgical customs of Sarum (Salisbury in England) in its calendar of saints and in the addition of the devotional Hours of the Holy Cross and the Holy Spirit between daily Lauds and Prime. The English occupation of France after the Battle of Agincourt in 1415 engendered such cross-fertilization between liturgical traditions. This arrangement of devotional texts accounts for the somewhat unusual placement of images of the Crucifixion and the Descent of the Holy Ghost between images of the Visitation and the Nativity of Christ.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

Horae Beatae Virginis Mariae

Type of Item

Physical Description

141 leaves : illustrations ; 16 x 11 centimeters

Last updated: June 23, 2014