100 Questions on Gynecology and Obstetrics


This work on gynecology and obstetrics has five juan in three volumes. The script on the original page reads: “compiled by the Yuan author Zhu Zhenheng, Danxi, of Jinhua, and edited by Wang Kentang (1549‒1613) of Jintan.” However, this work is not by these earlier physicians. The work was listed in Esekikō (Catalogue of Chinese medical publications), compiled by Danbo Yuanyin of Japan and published in 1819. Danbo doubted that it was by Zhu Zhenheng, as its contents correspond entirely to Nü ke bai bing wen da (Questions and answers of 100 women’s ailments) by Ming physician Qian Guobin. Chan bao bai wen (100 questions on gynecology and obstetrics) could be based on Qian Guobin’s work, with a changed title. Use of the names of the two renowned Yuan and Song physicians was intended to promote the work. In addition to Nü ke bai bing wen da, Qian Guobin also wrote Nü ke bai bing bu yi (Supplement to questions and answers of 100 women’s ailments), Bei ji liang fang (Excellent formulas for emergency), and Shoushitang yi an (Medical records of Shoushitang). The material is organized into 100 questions, each of which has an answer, with descriptions of treatments, formulas, and cases. In this edition, one juan contains the introduction and the rest of the work deals with the 100 questions and answers. The introduction probably came from Qian Guobin’s Nü ke bai bing bu yi, but the nine essays may have been taken by Qian Guobin from the Song physician Qi Zhongfu’s work Chan bao za lu (Miscellaneous notes on gynecology and obstetrics). The order of the questions and answers is the same, but the answers in this work are shorter and it contains fewer formulas. The contents cover women’s physiology, pathology, menstruation, the fetus, childbirth, and so forth. The work has a preface attributed to Wang Kentang.

Last updated: January 16, 2018