On Anatomical Procedures


The Greek physician Galen (Jālīnūs in Arabic, circa 131–201) was one of the greatest medical writers in classical times, and one of the most prolific. He was born in Pergamon, in present-day Turkey, and spent much of his life in Rome, where he promoted the ideas of Hippocrates. He emphasized dissection (of apes and pigs), clinical observation, and thorough examination of patient and symptoms. Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-ʻIbādī (circa 809–73), a renowned translator of Greek medical texts, translated Galen's major work, On Anatomical Procedures, from Greek into Arabic under the title Kitāb Jālīnūs fī 'amal al-tashrīh. This copy of the translation may date from the 16th century. The script appears in a neat, medium-sized naskh on paper that is brittle and is light brown with some glazing. The manuscript was a gift of Harvey Cushing (1869–1939), a Yale-educated neurosurgeon, whose collection of rare medical books forms a key part of the Medical Historical Library in the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, Yale University.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

كتاب جالينوس في عمل التشريح

Type of Item

Physical Description

99 leaves ; 10.5 x 18.5 centimeters


  • Historical Medical Library: Cushing Arabic Ms. 8.

Last updated: April 3, 2018