Earthquakes of India: Volume I


This work describes the events before, during, and after a massive earthquake that struck early in the morning of April 4, 1905, at Kangra, a town in the Himalayan foothills in the northern region of India historically known as Punjab (in the present-day state of Himachal Pradesh). Before the quake, seismic activity had extinguished the flames of combustible gas that usually jetted out at the nearby Hindu temple of Jawala Mukhi, and worshippers thought the gods displeased. The earthquake and its aftershocks killed between 20,000 and 25,000 people and caused major damage to Kangra Fort, first mentioned in the fourth century BC in the annals of Alexander the Great. Most buildings in Kangra were flattened, with great destruction in other more distant parts of the region. The accounts included in this book were compiled and edited by Muhammad Abdul Qadir, also called Ta’ib Baduwi, about whom little is known beyond his authorship of another book concerning warfare between Turkey and Greece and his ownership of the Army Press at Simla.

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Army Press, Simla, India


Title in Original Language

زلا زل ہند

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372 pages ; 23.6 x 15.3 centimeters

Last updated: December 17, 2014