The Rewards of the Enlightened for their Defense of the Status of God’s Chosen Saints


Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu’s scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city’s most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and world civilization. This text explains the basic principles of Sufism, pointing out the various stages of knowledge that Sufi mystics pass through as their knowledge of God increases through their strict application of devotional discipline. Al-Mukhtār ibn Aḥmad ibn Abī Bakr al-Kuntī al-Kabīr, who died in 1811, further discusses the relationship between belief, Sufi doctrine, and knowledge of God.

Last updated: October 10, 2014