Entrance to the Khyber Pass. Jamrood


In the fall of 1878, The Illustrated London News dispatched the Scottish artist William Simpson (1823–99) to Afghanistan in anticipation of a conflict between Britain and Afghan tribal leaders. The British were concerned about growing Russian influence in the region and a possible Russian threat to British India. Fighting broke out in November 1878, precipitating what became known as the Second Afghan War (1878–80). Simpson documented the conflict, but he was also interested in people he encountered and places he visited, especially ancient Buddhist ruins, several of which he excavated. This watercolor landscape, dated November 20, 1878, shows the entrance to the Khyber Pass, the strategic link between British India and Afghanistan. The painting is from the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection at the Brown University Library.

Last updated: September 30, 2016