Map of Ohio and Indiana
David H. Burr (1803–75) was a surveyor and cartographer, who served as topographer to the United States Post Office Department in 1832–38 and as geographer to the House of Representatives in 1838–47. Under the direction of the postmaster general, Burr compiled information from postmasters throughout the country about transportation routes—post roads, railroads, and canals—and the location of post offices to produce a large set of state and regional maps. Published in 1839 by the prominent London mapmaking firm of John Arrowsmith, Burr’s The American Atlas offers a detailed picture of settlement and transportation patterns in the United States in the decades before the Civil War. Shown here is Burr’s map of Ohio and Indiana, one of 13 maps in the atlas. Originally part of the Northwest Territory, Ohio was settled by farmers from New England, many of them Revolutionary War veterans who received land as payment for their military service. It became the 17th state on March 3, 1801. Indiana was the scene of bloody battles in 1811–13 between settlers and an alliance of Indian tribes led by the famous Shawnee chief, Tecumseh (1768–1813). The Indians and their British allies were defeated and Indiana became the 19th state of the Union on December 11, 1816.
John Arrowsmith, London
Type of Item
1 map from loose-leaf atlas : hand colored, mounted on cloth ; 130 x 130 centimeters or smaller, folded in case 50 x 33 x 7 centimeters
Last updated: January 4, 2016