Map of the Country about the Mississippi, Circa 1755


A handwritten note on the back of this manuscript pen-and-ink map from around 1755 states: “Map of the country about the Mississippi. Drawn by Chegeree (the Indian) who says he has travelled through the country.” It is not known who Chegeree was, but he appears to have made the map for an anonymous British official early in the French and Indian War (1754–63). The map and accompanying notes portray the extent of French forces and troop strengths in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys at the outset of the war. Such information, outlining the French presence in the region, was vital to British forces as France and Britain fought for control of the North American interior. The map covers the area from Lake Erie to the mouth of the Ohio River. It shows the Ohio River, Indian settlements, distances, a “French Fort” (i.e., Fort Duquesne, at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), the “Falls of Ohio,” and the confluence of the Ohio River with the Mississippi River. The map is oriented with north toward the upper right.

Last updated: February 22, 2016