Bird's-eye View of Massillon, Stark County, Ohio, 1870


This panoramic map shows Massillon, Ohio, as it appeared in 1870. Located along the east bank of the Tuscarawas River, Massillon was an important port town on the Ohio Canal linking Lake Erie and the Ohio River. The indices at the bottom of the map indicate points of interest, including schools, churches, the railroad depot, and mills, factories, iron works, and other industrial installations. The panoramic map was a cartographic form popularly used to depict U.S. and Canadian cities and towns in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Also known as bird's-eye views or perspective maps, these maps are representations of cities portrayed as if viewed from above at an oblique angle. Not generally drawn to scale, they show street patterns, individual buildings, and major landscape features in perspective. This map is by Albert Ruger (1829–99), the first American to achieve success as a panoramic artist. Born in Prussia, Ruger immigrated to the United States and worked initially as a mason. While serving with the Ohio Volunteers during the Civil War, he drew views of Union campsites. After the war, Ruger settled in Battle Creek, Michigan, where he began his panoramic mapping career by sketching Michigan cities. In the late 1860s, Ruger formed a partnership with J.J. Stoner of Madison, Wisconsin, and together they published numerous city panoramas.

Last updated: May 3, 2017