Dunlap's Phoenix Coach Works. Corner of Fifth and Buttonwood Streets, Philadelphia


This circa 1856 advertising print details the industrial complex for the "Phoenix Coach Works" located on the 400 block of Buttonwood Street in Philadelphia. The complex includes a four-story main building with street signs indicating the building is at the corner of Buttonwood and Fifth Streets; large signage at the top of the building reads: “Phoenix Coach Works” and “Dunlap’s Carriage Factory.” The main building is connected to additions and to the smaller "General Coach Furnishing Store." Several smokestacks and a tower decorated with the model of a carriage adorn the roof. Signage reading "Phoenix Coach Works" is visible on one of the additions, which has a street entry, a rooftop crossover to the main building, and an open entryway leading to a courtyard. Carriages are displayed on the rooftop crossover. A man drives a horse-drawn carriage through the courtyard entryway, which is adorned with the figures of lions. Four unhitched carriages, including an ornately decorated one, line the street in front of the main building. A single-seat carriage and a fancy coach with a driver and a passenger travel in the street. On the sidewalk, a woman holding a parasol promenades with a child; a man strolls, accompanied by a dog; and two boys pull and push a wheelbarrow. On the left, neighboring buildings (adjacent and rear) are visible, including a drugstore. The drugstore has signage that reads, "Drugs & Medecines [sic] Wholesale & Retail," a large American flag, and a display window lined with jars, bottles, and canisters. A woman is seen exiting one of the rear neighboring buildings. Circa 1845, William Dunlap began operating from this factory, which was later used as a hospital, prison, and barracks during the Civil War. The artist of this lithograph is unknown; the printer was Frederick Kuhl, who was well-known for producing advertising prints and portrait lithographs during the 1840s.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

F. Kuhl Lithography, Philadelphia


Title in Original Language

Dunlaps' Phoenix Coach Works. Corner of Fifth & Buttonwood Streets, Philadelphia

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print : lithograph, tinted with one stone ; 52 x 87 centimeters


  • Digital catalog number: POS 192

Last updated: January 8, 2018