Louis L. Peck, Manufacturer and Dealer in Varnishes, Pine Oil, Virgin and Spirits of Turpentine


This lithograph from circa 1855 is an advertisement showing the busy street corner at Front and Walnut Streets near the Delaware River in Philadelphia. The view includes a building containing an oil manufactory, and a flour and farina store. Visible in the background are the tall masts of sailing ships, the busy wharf for the Walnut Street Ferry, and Smith and Windmill Islands in the Delaware River. Pedestrians walk the sidewalks and cross the intersection at Front and Walnut Streets. Delivery wagons and drays traverse the business-lined streets. One horse-drawn delivery wagon is driven by an African American man. This delivery wagon is used for the oil business of Louis L. Peck, and has advertising text on the side. In the right foreground of the image, a boy rolls a hoop, passing near a female peddler sewing at her food stand. The scene is depicted within a lithographed tromp l'oeil wood frame containing a small inset image that shows an exterior view of Peck’s Works (located on Dock Street). The varnish business owned by Louis L. Peck operated from circa 1848 until 1855. The printer of this lithograph was Wagner & McGuigan, a firm specializing in the production of advertising prints.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Wagner & McGuigan Lithography, Philadelphia


Title in Original Language

Louis L. Peck manufacturer & dealer in burning fluid varnishes, pine oil, virgin & spts of turpentine, absolute, apothecaries, deodorized and fluid alcohol, of a superior quality linseed oil, white lead, lamps of every description, German & English bronzes, Dutch metal, sand paper, &c. : Hecker's farina, family flour, & Hope Mills pure ground spices. Flour & farina store, 101 S. Front St. Varnish Store, 15 Dock Street. Lamp, pine oil & fluid store, 3 & 5 N. Eighth St. Philadelphia

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print : lithograph, tinted ; 56 x 70 centimeters


  • Digital catalog number: POS 444

Last updated: January 9, 2018