The Castle of the State in Schuylkill


This print from 1830 shows an exterior view of the clubhouse, known as “The Castle,” for the Fishing Company of the State in Schuylkill. Men are seen across the grounds, with some sitting at a table outside, and others walking in the woods near the clubhouse and stables. Two men stand with a dog at the edge of the river, looking toward a man in a rowboat in the foreground. The association formed in 1732 for the purpose of hunting and fishing, was originally at "Eaglesfield," the old estate of William Warner, which was located on the western bank of the Schuylkill River, in Philadelphia. Construction of the Fairmount Dam circa 1822 forced the group to rebuild the clubhouse on Rambo's Rock, across the river from Bartram's Garden (at present, the oldest living botanical garden in North America), and near the area of Gray's Ferry. This lithograph was printed by Pendleton, Kearny & Childs, a partnership between Boston lithographer John B. Pendleton and Philadelphia engravers Francis Kearny and Cephas G. Childs. The enterprise, one of the early Philadelphia lithographic firms, was active from 1829 to 1830. Located at 185 (i.e., the 500 block of) Chestnut Street, the firm printed and published lithographs delineated by respected local artists, including Albert Newsam, Rembrandt Peale, Hugh Bridport, E.W. Clay, and the artist behind this work, Moses Swett. The brief partnership ended when Pendleton relocated to New York. Kearny retired to his hometown of Perth Amboy, New Jersey not long after in 1833, and Childs continued the business with portrait painter Henry Inman.

Last updated: January 8, 2018