The Noble, Great, and Cleansing Liberation from All Sins through the Buddha


This marvelous manuscript contains a Mahayana Sutra text from the Kanjur (Translation of the words of the Buddha), i.e., the scriptures of Tibetan Buddhism. It is especially remarkable because it was not translated directly from Sanskrit, like so many other works of the Kanjur, but from Chinese. The translators obviously had no original text from which to work. Accordingly, they did not give the work a Sanskrit title, as was usually the case. Manuscripts containing only this text are very rare, and even in this case a further work has been added, with the second manuscript starting at folio 214. The second work, consisting of 13 folios, is 'Phags-pa bzang-po spyod-pa'i smon-lam-gyi rgyal-po (in Sanskrit, Bhadracaryapranidhana-raja) or, “The King of Vows of Good Conduct.” The manuscript is magnificently crafted with writing in gold on black lacquer paper. The cover is made up of several layers of paper coated with a textile tissue material. The front leaf has been inserted into the cover. The text is protected by three differently colored silk curtains. In the center of this leaf is a small miniature depicting Buddha Shakyamuni. The leaves repose in a readers’ receptacle wrapped in red cloth. The whole is tied together by a band with a metal fastener displaying the head of a demon.

Date Created


Title in Original Language

འཕགས་པ་ཐར་པ་ཆེན་པོ་ཕྱོགས་སུ་རྒྱས་པ་འགྱོད་ཚངས་ཀྱི་སྡིག་སྦྱང་བ་སྟེ། སངས་རྒྱས་ཡོངས་སུ་གྲུབ་པ་བཀོད་པ་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་ཐེག་པ་ཆེན་པོའི་མདོ༎

Type of Item

Physical Description

226 sheets, paper : illustrations (miniatures) ; 32 x 8.5 centimeters


  • BSB Shelfmark: Cod.tibet. 922

Last updated: May 24, 2017