This outstanding early 14th-century manuscript is the first part of a Qurʼan originally comprising 12 volumes, which, according to the colophon, was produced for the Moroccan ruler Abū Ya‘qūb Yūsuf. This text and a companion manuscript, also in the Bavarian State Library (Cod.arab 3), contain, respectively, the first and last five sixtieths of the Qurʼan. The text is written in Maghrebi script on parchment, with only seven lines to a page. The well-proportioned balancing of the text area with the wide margins gives the Qurʼan its monumental character. Colorful signs indicate the vocalization and golden circles mark the verses. The medallions of the surah headings in the margins are carried out with very delicate arabesque ornaments. Several elegant double-page illuminations open and close the manuscript. Experts rate this manuscript and the companion Cod.arab 3 as among the most outstanding copies of the Qurʼan in existence.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language


Type of Item

Physical Description

122 sheets, parchment : illustrations ; 26 x 21.5 centimeters


  • BSB Shelfmark: Cod.arab. 2

Last updated: April 6, 2015