Monument to Bohdan Khmelnytsky


This view of the monument to Bohdan Khmelnytsky is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Bohdan Khmelnytsky (circa 1594–1657), was a Cossack who led a rebellion against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, leading first to an independent Cossack state and ultimately to union with the Russian Empire. He is generally held to be a national hero and founder of Ukraine, and the monument to him occupies a key spot in Saint Sophia Square. The equestrian statue by sculptor Mikhail Mikeshin, on a granite base by architect Vladimir Nikolaev, was installed in July 1888 during the celebrations for the 900th anniversary of the baptism of Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich, later Saint Vladimir the Great. The 25 views in Souvenir of Kiev are collotypes, made using a chemically-based printing process widely employed before the invention of offset lithography.

Last updated: February 29, 2012