Museum Garden, II, Carthage, Tunisia


This photochrome print is part of “Views of Architecture and People in Tunisia” from the catalog of the Detroit Photographic Company. It shows the garden of the Musée Lavigerie in Carthage. Carthage was described in the 1911 edition of Baedeker’s The Mediterranean, Seaports and Sea Routes: Handbook for Travellers as being “once the proud queen of the seas,” but now in havoc after the upsets wrought by history and nature—yet “the beauty of the scenery and the wealth of historical memories amply compensates for the deplorable state of the ruins.” The building that housed the Musée Lavigerie was originally a seminary and is now the National Museum of Carthage. The Musée Lavigerie, named for the French missionary archbishop, later cardinal, Charles Martial Allemand Lavigerie contained “the yield of the excavations made by Père Delattre.” Alfred Louis Delattre, a French archaeologist and chaplain, founded the museum in 1875, became its director, and wrote major works on Carthage and its history. The print depicts the garden shared by the seminary and museum, which features “a large Roman sarcophagus in marble. Around it are placed numerous Punic cinerary urns. In the grounds lie fragments of ancient buildings. Along the garden-walls are ranged Roman mosaics, inscriptions, and fragments of sculpture,” remaining from the Punic, Roman, Christian, and Crusader occupations of Carthage. The Detroit Photographic Company was launched as a photographic publishing firm in the late 1890s by Detroit businessman and publisher William A. Livingstone, Jr. and photographer and photo-publisher Edwin H. Husher. They obtained the exclusive rights to use the Swiss "Photochrom" process for converting black-and-white photographs into color images and printing them by photolithography. This innovative process was applied to the mass production of color postcards, prints, and albums for sale to the American market. The firm became the Detroit Publishing Company in 1905.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Detroit Photographic Company, Detroit, Michigan

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photomechanical print : photochrom, color


  1. Karl Baedeker, The Mediterranean, Seaports and Sea Routes: Handbook for Travellers (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1911).
  2. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Heritage Centre, “Archaeological Site of Carthage.”

Last updated: January 30, 2017