Feuerbagd'sche (i.e., Fenerbahçe) on Sea of Marmora (i.e., Marmara), Constantinople, Turkey
This photochrome print is part of “Views of People and Sites in Turkey” from the catalog of the Detroit Publishing Company (1905). It shows a view at sunset of the lighthouse at Fenerbahçe Cape, located on the Asian side of the Sea of Marmara in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). The name Fenerbahçe means "lighthouse garden" in Turkish (from fener, meaning "lighthouse," derived from the lighthouse at Alexandria, which was built on the island of Pharos in 280 BC, and bahçe, meaning "garden"). Lighthouses historically have played an important role in helping ships to navigate along the Turkish coast and through the Bosporus separating Asia and Europe. The first known lighthouse on the Turkish coast was built by the Phoenicians in the seventh century BC. Istanbul has a total of 37 lighthouses on its shores and islands, 19 of them along the Bosporus. The lighthouse at Fenerbahçe was built in the 1830s to replace an older structure dating from the 1560s.
Detroit Photographic Company, Detroit, Michigan
Type of Item
1 photomechanical print : photochrom, color
- The Detroit Photographic Company was launched as a photographic publishing firm in the late 1890s by Detroit businessman and publisher William A. Livingstone, Jr., and photographer and photo-publisher Edwin H. Husher. They obtained exclusive rights to use the Swiss "Photochrom" process for converting black-and-white photographs into color images and printing them by photolithography. This innovative process was applied to the mass production of color postcards, prints, and albums for sale to the American market. The firm became the Detroit Publishing Company in 1905.
- Print no. "16526".
- Turkish Cultural Foundation, “Architecture: Lighthouses,” http://www.turkishculture.org/architecture/light-houses-105.htm.
- Russ Rowlett, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, The Lighthouse Directory, “Lighthouses of Turkey: Northwestern Anatolia,” http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/tur2.htm.
Last updated: January 8, 2018