Map of the District of Villa Rica


This map showing the district of Villa Rica in Brazil’s Minas Gerais state is the work of José Joaquim da Rocha (1737?-1807). Rocha was a Brazilian military engineer, painter, and cartographer who contributed works to many important churches and monasteries around Salvador and Minas Gerais. His map shows details of individual comarcas (judicial districts) and parochial districts, and an illustration of an Indian. Rocha was accused of participation in the Minas Conspiracy (Inconfidência Mineira) of 1789, a movement seeking independence from Portugal, and of involvement with its leader, Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, also known as Tiradentes. In the trials that followed the failure of the conspiracy, it was alleged that Rocha had given Tiradentes a map containing vital information about Minas Gerais, but this charge was not proven.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

Mappa da Comarca de Villa Rica / Jose Joaquim da Rocha

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 manuscript map : color ; 41 x 80 centimeters

Last updated: March 8, 2016