The Book of Compilation


Abu Nasr Muhammad al-Farabi (also known by his Latinized name, Alpharabius, circa 870–950 AD) was a Muslim philosopher and scientist, who also had interests in political philosophy, logic, cosmology, music, and psychology. Although his origin is unconfirmed, it is generally agreed that al-Farabi was of Persian origin and that he was born either in Faryab in present-day Afghanistan or in Farab in present-day Kazakhstan. He was called the “Second Teacher,” a deferential reference suggesting he was second in philosophy only to Aristotle. Shown here is Kitab Al-majmu' (Book of compilation), which describes Al-Farabi’s philosophical views and reflects his meticulous studies of ancient philosophy. It comprises eight treatises dealing with Greek (Plato and Aristotle) and Islamic philosophy, in addition to Islamic mysticism. It is said that this work of Al-Farabi’s helped Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980–1037) to master Aristotle’s metaphysics.

Last updated: March 7, 2014