The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands


Romania was formed in 1861 by the union of the provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia, which had been ruled by the Ottoman Turks for centuries. At the 1878 Congress of Berlin, the major European powers recognized the full independence of Romania. In World War I, Romania fought on the side of France, Britain, and the other Allied powers against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria, chiefly with the aim of gaining territories traditionally inhabited by ethnic Romanians but under the control of Austria-Hungary and other neighboring countries. Published in Pittsburgh in 1919, The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands, presents the case for a vastly expanded Romania, to encompass all of what was once Dacia, the ancient Roman province to which the Romanians trace their language and ethnic identity. The editor, Vasile Stoica (1889–1959), was a Romanian writer and political activist committed to the cause of uniting the Romanian lands under a single state. Born in what at the time was Hungarian-ruled Transylvania, Stoica was part of a delegation of ethnic Romanians from Habsburg territories sent to the United States in 1917 to plead Romania’s cause and generate support in the Romanian-American community.  In the peace settlement after the war, Romania gained extensive territories from Austria-Hungary, some of which it lost after World War II.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Pittsburgh Printing Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


Title in Original Language

The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and Their Lands


Type of Item

Physical Description

32 pages : 2 maps (1 folded) ; 19 centimeters


  1. “Envoys Here Tell Peril of Roumania,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, September 24, 1917.

Last updated: November 14, 2017