The Keys to the Heavens: An Explanation of “Islamic Law”


Mafâtîh al-Jinân: Šharh Šhir’at al-Islam (The keys to the heavens: An explanation of “Islamic law”) is a commentary on the work Šhir’at al-Islam (Islamic law) by Mohammad ibn Abu Bakr al-Jughi (1098–1177). Al-Jughi was known as Imam Zadeh, a scholar and an imam in Bukhara (present-day Uzbekistan). The commentary, by Ya’kub ibn Sayyid ali al-Burssawi (died circa 1524), is an extensive book that discusses belief, manners, and daily practices in an Islamic framework. The work consists of 61 sections, called books. Special attention is paid to ethics. Muslims are enjoined to follow the Qur’an and Sunna in all actions, to strengthen their faith, have honorable intentions, take care of parents and relatives, and behave decently to other people. The text explains the precepts for prayer, mosque attendance, jihad, charity, fasting, and rules concerning food and drink, hospitality, marriage, and means of communication. This edition, published in Kazan in 1906, is an example of Arabic and Islamic publication in the Russian Empire for the empire’s Muslim population. Kazan University was founded by Tsar Alexander I in 1804 and became the premier center for oriental studies in the Russian Empire. Kazan was a center of publishing for the empire’s Muslim population.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Kazan Imperial University Publishing House, Kazan


Title in Original Language

مفاتيح الجنان، شرح شرعة الإسلام

Type of Item

Physical Description

616 pages

Last updated: April 27, 2015