Qurʼanic Verses

Description

This calligraphic fragment includes the beginning of verse 11 of the 49th chapter of the Qurʼan entitled al-Hujurat (The chambers). This same verse continues on the folio's verso. Surat al-Hujurat is the third of a group of three Medinan surahs, beginning with chapter 47. It discusses conduct that must be observed by the Muslim community, such as mutual respect and allegiance to a rightful leader. The beginning of verse 11 on this fragment stresses proper behavior: “O you who believe, / Do not let some men among you laugh at others, / (Although) it may be that the latter are better than the former. / Also do not let some women laugh at others, / (Although) it may be that the latter are better than the former./ Do not defame nor be sarcastic to each other, / Or call each other by offensive nicknames . . . / And those who do not desist are doing wrong.” The text is executed in a Kufi script typical of Qurʼans produced during the ninth century. At five lines per page, the Qurʼanic text is executed in brown ink and in a horizontal format. Red dots indicate vocalization, while a single green dot on both the recto and verso of this fragment demarcate a long medial alif (a).

Last updated: April 6, 2015