Introduction (Muqadimmah)


This fragment in Arabic provides a muqadimmah (introduction) to an otherwise unidentified work, perhaps a khutbah (sermon). Beginning with the bismillah (in the name of God), the text continues with a prayer of blessing for those whom God has selected. On the very last line appears the signature of a certain Muhammad Ja'far, who states that mashaqahu (he has written this piece). The work is written in black naskh script and is fully vocalized, an indication that the text may have been read aloud. It is written on brown paper and its right margin is demarcated by two pyramids comprised of three black dots.

Last updated: July 31, 2014