Royal Coin, Philip VI, Chaise d'Or


The chaise d’or was a French gold coin, first issued in the early 14th century, bearing the figure of the king seated on a large throne. This coin, issued under Philip VI (born, 1293; reigned, 1328–50), shows the king in his majesty, seated facing forward on a Gothic throne, crowned, holding the scepter and hand of justice in a lobed trefoil. The reverse side has a four-lobed cross, with leaves and fleur de lis, curved at the heart, in a four-lobed trefoil bordered by four crowns. This type of coin originated in the royal seal and first appeared under Philip IV (born, 1268; reigned, 1285–1314). The period from the end of the 13th century to the first half of the 14th century marked the apex of the medieval monetary art in France. Coins, some in large denominations, were made with three different kinds of images on their front sides: representations of the king in civil or military costume; religious images such as the Paschal Lamb, Saint Michael, or Saint George; and regalia such as a crown. Images on the reverse sides were in many variations and often recalled the rose windows of Gothic cathedrals.

Last updated: January 8, 2018