Qurʼanic Verses


This fragment includes the 45th verse of the 29th chapter of the Qurʼan entitled al-'Ankabut (The spider). This verse initiates a new and separate section of the surah, in which the Qurʼan is discussed as a sign of revelation, a tool in teaching the distinction between right and wrong, and a vehicle in understanding the hereafter. The verso of the folio contains verses 46 and 47, which continue verse 45 and initiate a new juz' (section) in the Qurʼan. This particular Qurʼanic fragment has placed the verses within a gold illuminated panel, in which the upper register includes a statement on red background that the text belongs to the third juz' of the Qurʼan. The text in the lower panel is partially lost due to damage. The gold frame and marginal medallions with long finials provide an ornamental break in the Qurʼan and thus serve as a visual reference point. Executed in black Masahif script, the text is surrounded by lightly outlined cloud bands. In the interstitial spaces appear vine leaves and palmettes on a background of parallel striations. Such motifs are typical of Mamluk Qurʼans produced in Egypt during the 14th and 15th centuries. Verse markers consist of six-petal gold rosettes with blue and red dots on the perimeters.

Last updated: April 6, 2015