Petition to a Ruler


This fragment probably formed part of a collection of munsha'at (literary compositions) showing how to write appropriate praises and petitions to a ruler. Some of these calligraphies, including this piece, appear to have been executed in Ta'liq script in India during the 17th and 18th centuries. This fragment tells how to compose a na't or munajat (formal praise) to a ruler using his many alqab (honorific epithets). A number of praises of the ruler's mulkuhu (power) and his sultanuhu (dominion) precede the ardh or arz (formal request or petition). In the penultimate diagonal line appears the date of 14 Jumadah I, although no year is specified nor is the piece signed by its calligrapher. The composition is executed in black Indian Ta'liq script framed by cloud bands on a beige paper. The ink from another calligraphic fragment, formerly contained in the same album of calligraphies, seems to have bled onto this piece. Several lines in reverse writing have stained the central calligraphic panel. The text appears on a background painted in gold ink, is framed by a plain blue border, and is pasted to a pink sheet backed by cardboard.

Last updated: April 27, 2016