Qurʼanic Verses


This Qurʼanic fragment includes the last verse (30) of the 32nd chapter of the Qurʼan, Surat al-Sajdah (The prostration), as well as the bismillah (in the name of God) and first verse of the subsequent chapter (33) entitled Surat al-Ahzab (The confederates). The subsequent verses of Surat al-Ahzab continue on the fragment's verso. The title executed in gold ink outlined in black specifies that the chapter contains 73 verses. The beginning of this surah discusses the necessity of abandoning pagan customs. The verso of this fragment includes verse 1 of Surat al-Ahzab: “O Prophet, fear God and do not listen to the unbelievers and hypocrites, / Verily God is full of knowledge and wisdom” (33:1). The recto includes verses 2-3: "Follow that which comes to you as inspiration from God, / Because God knows well what you do. / And put your trust in God, / As God is Sufficient as a Guardian” (33:2–3). The text is calligraphed in small Muhaqqaq, one of the cursive scripts typical of Qurʼans produced in Mamluk Egypt during the 14th and 15th centuries. Due to its clarity and legibility, Muhaqqaq was among the favorite scripts used for writing Qurʼans from the 13th century onward. Written in five lines per page in a plain script, this fragment includes a section marker in the upper-left margin. The ornament contains the word nisf (half) written vertically in gold ink on a gray ground. The verse markers consist of six-lobed flowers decorated with a small square leaf of gold and red and blue dots between each petal.

Last updated: April 6, 2015