Qurʼanic Verses


This Qurʼanic fragment includes verses from several surahs (chapters) in the Qurʼan. On the right side, the fragment contains the first 24 verses of the 56th chapter, al-Waqi'ah (The inevitable). The surah’s heading appears at the top of the right folio, in white ink on a gold ground and framed by a horizontal cartouche decorated with vine motifs on a blue or red background. Below the frame is a simple horizontal band of light blue floral vines and minuscule red dots contained in a gold-outlined panel. The heading states that al-Waqi'ah consists of 96 verses and belongs to the Meccan period. On the top of the left side of this fragment are the last verses (38–62) of the 53rd chapter, al-Najm (The star). On the fifth line appears a red marginal gloss providing an alternate pronunciation for one of the words in the text. At the very end of Surat al-Najm, at the bottom of the folio, is a beautifully executed marginal roundel containing the word sajdah (prostration) written in gold on a blue ground. It marks the place for prayer before reading the next surah. At the bottom of the left folio appears the heading of the next chapter, 54, Surat al-Qamar (The moon), followed by an initial bismillah (In the name of God). The heading is executed much like that of al-Waqi'ah on the right side of the fragment and specifies that it consists of 55 verses revealed in Mecca. The verso of the fragment includes the continuation of Surat al-Qamar with verses 1–20. In the left margin are corrections and comments executed in red ink. On the left side of this folio appear the last verses (55–78) of the 55th chapter of the Qurʼan, Surat al-Rahman (The most gracious). These immediately precede the beginning of the 56th chapter, al-Waqi'ah (The inevitable), on the right side of the fragment's recto. In the left margin appears the same gold and blue round juz' marker as found in the right margin of the same folio. The last verse (78) of the chapter includes the expression "Blessed be the name of your Lord" written in gold ink. It is not unusual to find the name of God (Allah) or his epithets and synonyms picked out in gold ink. The script of the text is executed in a black Persian naskh, while the headings are executed in a larger white thuluth on the fragment’s recto. Both cursive scripts were used in Qurʼans made in Iran during the 16th–17th centuries.

Last updated: April 6, 2015