General Map of Bessarabia: Showing Postal and Major Roads, Stations and the Distance in Versts between Them


This 1821 map of Bessarabia is from a larger work, Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century. The map shows population centers (five gradations by size), monasteries, customs houses, postal stations, roads (three types), state and provincial borders, and colonies of German and Polish settlers. Distances are shown in versts, a Russian measure, now no longer used, equal to 1.07 kilometers. Legends and place-names are in Russian and French. The province of Bessarabia, conquered by Russia in the Russo-Turkish War of 1806−12, roughly corresponds to the territory of present-day Moldova and some of the western part of Ukraine. Bessarabia was carved from the eastern portions of the Principality of Moldavia, a former vassal state of the Ottoman Empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Military Topographical Depot, Saint Petersburg

Title in Original Language

Генеральная Карта Бессарабской Области съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 hand colored map ; 40 x 38 centimeters


  • Scale 1:1,200,000

Last updated: October 30, 2015