Portrait of the Grand Duchess Ekaterina Pavlovna. In the Tver Museum


In 1910, Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) traveled and photographed extensively in Tver’ Province northwest of Moscow. His work included photographing a number of exhibits in the Tver’ Museum. Opened in 1866, the museum displayed natural and archeological items from the area, as well as works of art and crafts. In 1897 the museum was allocated space in the Imperial Transit Palace (Putevoi dvorets). Seen here is a portrait of Grand Duchess Ekaterina Pavlovna (1788–1819), sister of Tsar Alexander I, who lived with her husband Duke George of Oldenburg (1784–1812) in the Tver’ palace. In 1816, she married Crown Prince William of Württemberg. She died in Stuttgart of erysipelas, a type of infectious skin rash, complicated by pneumonia. This primitive oil painting was donated by Tver’ lawyer Aleksei Unkovskii (1829-94). The museum was severely damaged during the German occupation of Tver’ in the fall of 1941 and most of its objects lost. Prokudin-Gorskii used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of his photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Портрет Великой Княгини Екатерины Павловны в Тверском музее

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/prok/.

Last updated: January 11, 2017