Anglo-Egyptian Sudan - Camel Soldier of the Native Forces of the British Army


This early 20th-century photograph from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress was taken in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, a “condominium” established in 1899 in which Britain and Egypt exercised joint sovereignty. In 1898, the British and the Egyptians had joined forces to re-conquer the country after a Sudanese revolt against Egyptian rule, which had been established by force in 1821. The defense of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was the responsibility of the Egyptian Army, which stationed several regiments in Sudan. The army was under the command of the governor-general, who was appointed by Egypt on the recommendation of Great Britain. The governors-general were officers from Great Britain, which effectively controlled the country. What became known as the Anglo-Egyptian Army included battalions of both Egyptians and Sudanese.

Last updated: June 9, 2015