In the Borodino Museum. Borodino


In 1911 and 1912, in connection with the centenary of the 1812 Napoleonic campaign against Russia, Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) photographed sites along the invasion route. Foremost among them was the Borodino battlefield, where the Russian and French armies clashed on September 7. This 1911 photograph shows the interior of the Borodino railroad station, built at the turn of the 20th century and enhanced in preparation for the centennial observance. For a decade, the station housed a Borodino battle museum supported by the stationmaster P. P. Bogdanovich. Dedicated in 1902, the museum moved to a specially created building in 1912. Among the arms and portraits displayed here is a copy of the famous portrait of General Nikolai Raevskii (1771–1829) painted by George Dawe for the Military Gallery in the Winter Palace (today the Hermitage museum in Saint Petersburg). Raevskii was a hero of the prolonged Russian conflict with Napoleon, and played a leading role in the center of the Borodino battle. Prokudin-Gorskii used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

В Бородинском музее. Бородино

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: October 7, 2016