Grand Prince Mikhail Nikolaevich's Palace


Within the mountainous interior of south central Georgia is the town of Borjomi, located in the Borjomi Gorge. Long occupied by the Ottoman Empire, the Borjomi area came under Russian control in the 1820s and subsequently developed into a resort widely known for its waters. In 1871 the town was granted to Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich (1832-1909), who served as governor general of Caucasia between 1862 and 1882. His presence played a major role in developing Borjomi as a destination for Russia’s elite. The eclectic style of his palace, visible in this photograph, shows traces of Islamic (Ottoman) influence in the arched windows and the geometric decorative patterns on the facade. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Дворец Вел. Князя Михаила Николаевича

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016