Quince in Bloom. Artvin


This 1905 photograph was taken in the mountain town of Artvin, located in the Caucasus in what is today Turkey. It features a lush quince tree in bloom within the fenced yard of a house. In the background is a steep ravine typical of the terrain of the region. Part of different Georgian kingdoms since the 10th century, the Artvin territory, along with much of the southern Caucasus, was taken by the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century. Following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, the territory was transferred to the Russian Empire, where it remained until 1921, when Turkey acquired it through the Treaty of Kars. In 1905, the local population included Turks, Adjarians, and Armenians.The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Айва в цвету. [Артвин]

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/prok/.

Last updated: September 28, 2016