Bashkir's House. Ekhia


The small log house in this view has living space in the front (under a four-sloped plank roof), with an attached shed in back. The windows are framed with carved surrounds. The front yard has fruit trees (probably apple), which partially obscure a covered gate into the yard. To the right is another log structure, possibly a barn. In the back are hay ricks. The hilly terrain in the far background supports a conifer forest. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire. In 1910 his special railroad car covered much territory in the southern Urals, where he photographed a Bashkir village that he identifies as “Ekh’ia.” Although this precise name is not recorded, evidence suggests that it is Yakhino (in contemporary Bashkortostan), located not far from the railroad between Sim and Ust-Katav. Prokudin-Gorskii was fascinated by region’s ethnic diversity and took photographs of Bashkirs in their domestic setting.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Дом башкира. [Ехья]

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016