Bashkir Dog. Ekhia


This photograph, taken in 1910, shows a Bashkir sheep dog on the porch of a log house. The name of the village where the image was made is not recorded, but evidence suggests that it is Yakhino (present-day Bashkortostan), located not far from the railroad between Sim and Ust-Katav on the western slopes of the southern Ural Mountains. The photograph is part of a series with the same setting: a high porch with a ledge on which the dog is resting. Also visible is a spindly plant growing from the ledge, and on the far right is a bundle of twigs, probably birch for use in the bathhouse. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many parts of the empire. Prokudin-Gorskii was fascinated by the ethnic diversity of the empire and often took pictures of local people in domestic settings. In 1910 his special railroad car covered much territory in the southern Urals, where he made this image.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Башкирский пес. [Ехья]

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016