Bashkir's Yard. Ekhia


The caption for this 1910 photograph identifies the subject as a Bashkir village called “Ekh’ia.” Although this precise name is not recorded, evidence suggests that it is Yakhino (in present-day Bashkortostan), located not far from the railroad between Sim and Ust-Katav. The log barn in this view is located in the enclosed yard behind the house and has a thatched roof stabilized with the trunks of birch saplings. A pen for animals is visible through the passageway. In the foreground is the simple frame of a four-wheeled wooden cart. Near the right front wheel is the bow-shaped part of a harness that serves as a duga (horse collar). Under the open shed to the right is a grindstone. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Двор башкира. [Ехья]

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016