Africa—Tanganyika—Dar es Salaam—Women Convicts Working on Road


This photograph of a scene in Tanganyika (present-day Tanzania) is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855–1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography, whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century. Consisting of photographs taken and gathered by Carpenter and his daughter Frances (1890–1972) to illustrate his writings, the collection includes an estimated 16,800 photographs and 7,000 glass and film negatives. Carpenter's New Geographical Reader: Africa (1924) observed that “Tanganyika Territory is now one of the most important colonies on the continent. It is bounded on the north by Kenya, Lake Victoria, and Uganda, on the west by the Belgian Congo and Lake Tanganyika, on the south by Rhodesia and Lake Nyasa and Mozambique, and on the east by the Indian Ocean. Altogether, it is almost four times as large as the United Kingdom, and more than twice as large as Germany.” Who the convicts in the photograph were and why they were being punished is not known.

Last updated: May 29, 2013