Hay Stack near the Shakshi Station


From 1909 to 1912, Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) made several trips to the territory around the Ural Mountains, where he photographed railroad installations, factories, urban settings, and natural scenes. In the summer of 1910 Prokudin-Gorskii visited the region around the city of Ufa (now the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan). Seen here is a field with haystacks near Shaksha Station, located on the rail line to the city of Ufa, and near the Ufa River. The area has now been absorbed by Ufa. Prokudin-Gorskii photographed haystacks in a number of locations throughout his journeys, including the northern provinces of Russia. Haystacks not only had an aesthetic appeal, known to artists such as the French Impressionist Claude Monet (1840–1926); they also represented the enduring traditions of agricultural life, which coexisted alongside modern developments such as railroads. These haystacks are of particular interest because of the stout wattle enclosures found at the base. Prokudin-Gorskii used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of his photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Стог сена у станции Шакши

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/prok/.

Last updated: September 28, 2016