Main Mosque in Ufa from Sluchevskaia Hill. (Mufti's Residence)


From 1909 to 1912, Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) made several trips to the territory around the Ural Mountains, where he photographed railroad installations, factories, urban settings, and natural scenes. Among the towns Prokudin-Gorskii visited in the summer of 1910 was Ufa (now the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan). The Bashkir roots of the site are ancient. The Russian presence dates from 1573, when a large part of Bashkir territory was taken into the Muscovite state. Ufa was the center of a substantial Muslim population. In 1788, by edict of Catherine the Great, Ufa was designated as the administrative center for Muslims living in a large part of the Russian Empire. Ufa was the residence of the Mufti, a venerated religious scholar and legal authority in Sunni Islam. Seen here is the main mosque and minaret, built in 1830 on Sluchevskii Hill. This neoclassical structure is still in use as a mosque. Visible on the left in this photograph is the cupola of the Women’s Eparchal School. Prokudin-Gorskii used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of his photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many different parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Главная мечеть в Уфе со Случевской горы. (Местожительство муфтия)

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016