Andrei Petrov Kalganov. Former Master in the Plant. Seventy-Two Years Old, Has Worked at the Plant for Fifty-Five Years. He Was Fortunate to Present Bread and Salt to His Imperial Majesty, the Sovereign Emperor Nicholas II. Zlatoust


The subject of this dignified portrait is Andrei Kalganov, retired master at the state metal-working factory in Zlatoust, located in the northwestern part of present-day Chelyabinsk Oblast. The caption states that the 72-year-old Kalganov worked in the factory for 55 years and “had the good fortune to present the ‘bread-salt’ greeting to His Imperial Majesty Emperor Nicholas II.” Zlatoust, named in honor of Saint John Chrysostom (“Golden-Tongued,” or zlatoust), was founded in 1754 and became a center of finished metal production, including armaments. Harsh working conditions led to periodic outbreaks of violence, most notoriously during the Pugachev Rebellion of 1774–76. In 1903 Zlatoust was again the site of major labor unrest. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many parts of the empire. In 1910 he photographed extensively in the Ural Mountains region where Zlatoust is located.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Андрей Петров Калганов. Бывший мастер завода. На службе был 55 лет, от роду 72 г. Имел счастье подносить хлеб-соль Его Императорскому Величеству Государю Императору Николаю II. [Златоуст]

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016