Part of a Conservatory at Blizhniaia Dacha. Kyshtym


The town of Kyshtym (present-day Chelyabinsk Oblast) was a settlement linked to an ironworking factory founded in 1757 by Nikita Demidov. Harsh working conditions led to periodic outbreaks of violence that swept over the region, most notably the Pugachev Rebellion (1774–76). Kyshtym’s defining natural features are Lake Sugomak and a nearby mountain of the same name. When this photograph was taken the Upper Kyshtym factory was still one of the largest in the Urals. On the opposite shore of the lake from the factory was a suburban area known as Near Dachas, site of a large brick greenhouse containing many exotic plants. Shown here is the building’s ivy-covered facade, with a cupid at the top. On either side of the main structure are glazed extensions. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many parts of the empire. In 1909 and 1910 he photographed extensively in the Ural Mountains region, a center of the Russian metal industry.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Часть оранжерей на Ближней даче. [Кыштым]

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 28, 2016